UKNHTC Webinar Series
Webinars on Heat Transfer by leading experts
The UK National Heat Transfer Committee is running a series of free webinars on heat transfer related topics delivered by world-class academics and industry practitioners.
The progamme and past presentations are summarised here. Please check this page for updates.
Increasing the capacity factor of concentrated solar thermal power plants
Professor Kamel Hooman, University of Queensland - July 15th
Concentrated solar thermal (CST) power plant is a promising sustainable option for electricity generation with much lower carbon footprint compared with traditional fossil-fuel-based power plants. The primary challenge, however, is to increase the capacity factor by generating electricity at night and under overcast conditions. This can be addressed by integrating thermal storage units into CST plants. Hence, sensible energy storage systems, relying on molten salts or particles, are currently used in several CST plants. In parallel, latent heat thermal energy storage, through the use of phase change materials, is attracting attention for bringing about excellent CST performance as the PCMs have relatively higher heat capacity thanks to the use of heat of fusion and lower temperature difference during phase transition. However, the thermal conductivity of PCMs are very low which impedes the heat transfer rate to or from the circulating heat transfer fluid. That is, the charging and discharging processes (i.e. melting and solidification) of the power plant are prolonged. This presentation analyses heat transfer augmentation to/from high temperature PCMs for CST plants. Numerical, experimental and theoretical techniques are used for this purpose. Technical limitations, challenges and future research direction on low-cost thermal storage system for CST plants will be touched on.
Opportunities and challenges for additive manufacturing in chemical engineering research
Dr Jonathan McDonough, University of Newcastle - 20th May 2021 at 2 PM BST
Numerous process engineering applications are exploiting additive manufacturing (AM) to produce more advanced concepts that are delivering demonstrable performance improvements. In the subject area of heat transfer for example, this includes the fabrication of bespoke heat exchangers, recuperators and heat pipes, some of which are being used to deliver enhanced performance in real industrial settings. In this talk, Jonathan will provide an overview of additive manufacturing technology and its role in chemical engineering (and heat transfer) research. This will include an outline of the 7 main technologies as recognised by the joint ASTM/ISO standard, advantages for chemical engineering (and heat transfer), future opportunities, broad challenge areas, and specific chemical engineering challenges. Presently, AM might better be considered as an additional tool for the chemical engineer like any conventional manufacturing process, rather than a panacea. However, in the future AM might become a more integrated tool for the fabrication of plant equipment enabling the hybridisation of multiple unit operations. The main work prior to the realisation of the latter will be increasing the knowledge-base of intensified-technologies with an ‘AM mindset’. To this end, this talk will also highlight various state-of-the-art applications of AM developed by the Process Intensification Group at Newcastle University.
Advances on the Evaporation and Wetting of Drops
Professor Khellil Sefiane, University of Edinburgh - Thusday, 22 April 2021 at 2 PM BST
The lecture will present the results of a series of studies on droplets evaporation and wetting. It will aim to elucidate the effects of substrate thermal properties as well as atmosphere nature and atmospheric conditions. The presentation will introduce the results of a study on internal flows driven by surface tension inside pure and binary droplets. It will also reveal some hydrothermal instabilities and patterns. The evaporation of complex fluids drops such as nanofluids and polymers will be introduced. Theoretical studies on evaporating droplets lifetimes and effect of wettability will be discussed. Following these fundamental aspects of droplets evaporation the lecture will introduce some concepts on the development of a Leidenfrost engine driven by droplets levitating on hot substrates.